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120px-LogoWIKISPECIES01 lot. Dendrocopos maculatus (2)
Dendrocopos maculatus (2)
Apsaugos būklė
Nežinoma (IUCN 3.1)

? Dendrocopos maculatus Scopoli, 1786, (Piciformes) būrio (Picidae) šeimos (Dendrocopos) genties paukščių rūšis.


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Literatūra Redaguoti

  • Dendrocopos maculatus (2). BirdLife International (2011) The BirdLife checklist of the birds of the world, with conservation status and taxonomic sources. Version 4. Additional information on this species.
  • Sibley, C. G. and Monroe, B. L. (1990) Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. New Haven, USA: Yale University Press.
  • "Dendrocopos maculatus (Sibley and Monroe 1990, 1993) has been split into D. maculatus and D. ramsayi following Collar et al. (1999), who initially placed it in the genus Picoides. Subsequently, the genus Dendrocopos has been used, following Winkler and Christie (2002). Because this split was made in a BirdLife publication, the justification is repeated here in full (but the references are not supplied). Both Hachisuka (1931-1935) and Voous (1947) treated ramsayi as a separate species, and indeed it is so distinctive as to be arguably closer to Sulawesi Woodpecker P. temminckii than it is to P. maculatus (this view is also expressed, with the comment that ramsayi is ""the ancestor common to both"", by White and Bruce 1986), and given the evident morphological proximity of Brown-capped P. moluccensis, Grey-capped P. canicapillus and Pygmy Woodpeckers P. kizuki to both maculatus (non-Sulu forms) and ramsayi, there is no compelling reason to combine the latter two as a single species. Sulu birds differ from other Philippine forms in: replacing all black or dark brown with a mid-brown; lacking virtually all white spotting on wings and coverts; lacking black or dark brown spotting or streaking on the undersides; showing an ill-defined yellow or yellowish-orange breast-band, plus (in the male) a far more strongly developed red area on the nape. The specific separation of ramsayi is all the more arguable for the geographically closest representative of maculatus - fulvifasciatus of Mindanao and Basilan showing the strongest pied effect. The notion that these two forms are ""bridged"" by maculatus, with a throw-away description of ramsayi as ""aberrant"" (Salomonsen 1953), not only fails to deal with the suggestion of Voous (1947) that ramsayi represents an early invasion of the Philippines, but also misses the point that maculatus is not geographically interposed between the two forms it is supposed to bridge. It is worth noting that in the paper in which both ramsayi and fulvifasciatus were first established, the formal description of ramsayi compared it to temminckii rather than to maculatus (Hargitt 1881)."

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Sistematika Redaguoti

  dar 6 šeimos   dar 19 rūšių
       
  Būrys
Geniniai paukščiai
(Piciformes)
    Gentis
Margieji geniai
(Dendrocopos)
   
             
  Klasė
Paukščiai
(Aves)
    Šeima
Geniniai
(Picidae)
    Rūšis
(Dendrocopos maculatus (2))
           
  dar 27 būriai   dar 28 gentys  
     

Išnašos Redaguoti

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